Washington State Patrol - Mid-Columbia Insurance Agency
Size and Population
- Washington State Patrol covers 71,362 square miles (184,830km).
- The estimated population of Washington in 2016 was 7,288,000.
- The agency is responsible for the protection of the Governor of Washington and the grounds of the Washington State Capitol.
- They provide security aboard the vessels and terminals of the Washington State Ferries.
- Washington State Patrol is in charge of law enforcement on interstate and state highways in Washington.
- Washington State Highway Patrol was established in 1921 for traffic enforcement.
- In 1933, it was renamed and reconstituted as the Washington State Patrol, becoming an armed, mobile police force.
- A Criminal Investigation Division was added in 1939, and the WSP academy was established in 1947.
- In the 1960s, the State Patrol gained a reputation as the state’s most elite law enforcement agency.
- In 1975, the first two female troopers were commissioned, and in 1995, the first female chief of the State Patrol was appointed.
- The State Patrol is administered by a chief appointed by the Governor of Washington.
- Specialized units include SWAT, Rapid Deployment Forces, Motors Team, Honor Guard, and Criminal Investigations Division.
- The State Patrol manages the Washington Fusion Center, which coordinates anti-terrorist and anti-organized crime activities.
- The Executive Services Section is responsible for the protection of the Governor and his family, the Governor-Elect, and securing the executive residence and government facilities.
- Vessel and Terminal Security is responsible for shipboard law enforcement on Washington State Ferries and monitoring CCTV cameras.
- Candidates undergo seven weeks of arming training at the Washington State Patrol Academy.
- Trooper Basic Cadet Class consists of 28 weeks of classroom instruction and eight weeks of field training.
- After completion, candidates are administered the Troopers Oath and commissioned as peace officers by the Governor.
- The State Patrol Academy exclusively trains State Patrol troopers, while other law enforcement officers in the state are trained by the Washington Criminal Justice Training Commission.
- The WSP academy is a residential academy, and cadets are barracked on-campus during training.
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- Washington State Highway Patrol personnel started wearing uniforms in 1924, consisting of grey jackets and riding breeches with brown leather accessories.
- In 1928, the uniforms switched to a green pattern with black leather accoutrements.
- The State Patrol utilizes various equipment, including Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptors and H&K MP5 submachine guns.
- Uniforms have evolved over time, reflecting changes in fashion and functionality.
- The State Patrol Academy is used for training troopers and is also utilized by the Washington Criminal Justice Training Commission for emergency vehicle operations courses.